It is well-known that the application of the Square-Root-of-Sum-of-Squares ( SRSS) method in seismic analysis for combining modal maxima can cause. A replacement for the SRSS method in seismic analysis [Edward L Wilson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A Replacement for the SRSS Method in Seismic Analysis. Front Cover. Edward L. Wilson. Wiley, – Structural analysis (Engineering).

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Simply shifting the starting time of a given accelerogram does not constitute the establishment of a different accelerogram. The maximum value is 1.

### Seismic effects combination | Studio Alicino

The EC definition is more conservative than R. The rigid response corresponds to the steady-state phase in theory of vibrations.

The effects due to amalysis different directions of the seismic action shall be combined with the percentage rule see para. The percentage rule is therefore adopted.

World Journal of Engineering and TechnologyVol. Equipment Inspection Method and Weibull Analysis.

### A replacement for the srss method in seismic analysis. | Article Information | J-GLOBAL

Severe earthquake can bring serious problems in the wind turbines and eventually lead to an interruption to their electric power supply. Also, the structural design optimizations were conducted for the four different initial design variable sets to confirm robustness of the optimization algorithm used. The equations are written as repacement The combination of the effects of the seismic components is discussed in paragraph 4.

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher.

As a result, all the optimization results for the 4 different initial designs showed good agreement with each other properly. The rigid responses and rigid components of responses are combined algebraically.

For what regard the mode combination, merhod This subject is dealt with in several standards or regulatory guides among which the following are examined herein below: According to this book, this approach introduces a maximum error of 4. Figure 1 shows the typical conceptual shape of a response spectrum in terms of velocity as a function of frequency ref.

Labor Omnia Vicit Improbus.

The periodic modal responses of an earthquake are combined with the following rules: This paper offers also page 49 a short discussion of the directional combination procedure: No other rules are specified for non-building structures dealt with in Chapter Periodic responses are dominant in the region of amplified spectral displacement, amplified spectral velocity and amplified spectral acceleration.

The percentage rule was put forward by Newmark and Rosenblueth first. The directional effects of an earthquake are combined with the following rules: For response spectrum RS analysis, the R.

There is no specific provisions regarding combination of spatial components, except that in letter f of Section 2. The percentage rule is also proposed in paragraph 4. According to ECparagraph 4. Figure 2 shows the typical response spectrum in terms of acceleration as a function of frequency ref. The dotted lines refer to the case of multiple narrow-banded response spectrum with two or more peaks of acceleration.

Recently, there is a growing interest in seismic qualification of ridges, buildings and mechanical equipment worldwide due to increase of accidents caused by earthquake. There is no specific requirement. If uncoupled response of the structure is expected, then only one time history is required.

Sviluppato con Drupal da Gmg Net Srl. Then, the seismic analysis for each direction can be performed separately and then combined by the square root of the sum of the squares SRSS. As mentioned by Gupta in ref. The periodic response corresponds to the transient phase hte theory of vibrations. Regarding the number of modes, in para. In seismic response analysis two types of combinations are to be considered: In general, this alternative method is slightly conservative for most cases and is quite adequate since its degree of conservatism is relatively small.

When modes are to be considered closely spaced is matter of discussion and any standards provides a slightly different rule. Replqcement an alternative the SRSS rule can amalysis used. The effects of each modes for a given direction of the seismic action shall be combined with the CQC rule see para.

This statement is supported referring to a detailed discussion on rrplacement issue developed by Menun and Der Kiureghian in and He provides the following recommendations page Thus the structural design optimization of a small vertical-axis wind turbine could be successfully accomplished.

replacemrnt Subscribing you accept the TOC. This condition is equivalent to the one adopted by R. The percentage method is never explicitly cited, but the theoretical bases for it are provided in Chapter 4, where the superposition of the i-modes is provided as linear combination with coefficients C i that have different values for different modes but can be approximated by the value 0.

## Seismic effects combination

In general, if the frequencies of the modes are sufficiently separated, the SRSS method may be applied. Both periodic and rigid responses occur in the intermediate region between amplified spectral acceleration and high-frequency region DE in Figure 1 and Figure 2.

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To overcome and prevent these undesirable problems, structural design optimization of a small vertical axis wind turbine has performed, in this study, for seismic qualification and lightweight by using a Genetic Algorithm GA subject to some design constraints such as the maximum stress limit, maximum deformation limit, and seismic acceleration gain limit.