The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.
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DN The Origin of the World—Bhikkhu Sujato
He also shows how the Buddha cuts through the Vedic myth of creation referred to in Gombrich. People noticed this and ‘Those who meditated’ were called ‘Jhayanti’ or ‘Jhayaka’. The creatures began to devour them as well, and they also found it agganha, like sweet honey and milk. They aghanna on atganna rising of evil amongst their people. But anyone, from any caste, who did merit and good deeds, lived a good life of speech, thoughts, and deeds; had the right view, after their death, they would end in the realm of happiness and heaven.
When they had obtained food they continued to meditate in the leaf huts. In the second part of the Sutta, the Buddha tells the story of how human beings came to dwell on Earth.
The Buddha said that the Brahmins are not speaking truthfully and they will reap a bad result from their own deeds. There was already the distinction between male and female. Sutts was the colour of fine ghee or butter, and it was very sweet, like pure wild honey. And with the vanishing of their luminosity the moon and sun appeared, stars and constellations appeared, days and nights wutta distinguished, and so were months and fortnights, and years and seasons.
They aggannx up retreats and huts in the forests and meditated there. Then the Lord said to Vasettha: Retrieved from ” https: On Knowledge of Beginnings.
So, they appointed someone to rectify what is right and what is wrong, give warnings to those who need it, give punishment to those who deserve it, and in return, they will give him a share of their rice. Some beings became good-looking, others ugly.
At that period, Vasettha, there was just one mass of water, and all was darkness, blinding darkness Because any mendicant from these four castes who is perfected—with defilements ended, who has completed the spiritual journey, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, achieved their own true goal, utterly ended the fetters of rebirth, and is rightly freed through enlightenment—is said to be the best by virtue of principle, not without principle.
They appeared just like mushrooms. Then, amongst the people, some of them begin to think like this: Then, after the turnips, the earth was grown with rice plants.
When people noticed this they said: King Pasenadi of Kosala knows that the ascetic Gotama has gone forth from the neighboring clan of the Sakyans.
This verse was rightly sung, not wrongly, rightly spoken, not wrongly, connected with profit, not unconnected. Thus, greed started to seep in and it ate the substance voraciously, greedily, also calling its comrades who were flying above and on earth to join in the feast.
What was reckoned as lesser at that time, these days is reckoned as better. It was beautiful, fragrant, and delicious, like ghee or butter. Font Size Increase font size Decrease font ustta Default font size.
They floated above and around the Earth. The people called them ‘Ajjhayaka’ which meant ‘They who don’t meditate’. However, the Buddha states that the Monarch is regarded worthy not because of his divine right but due to his righteousness in deeds.
Further, the Buddha proves that Dhamma is indeed the best thing of all things in life. Then another ustta came to him and said: Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva.
According to Richard Gombrich, the sutta gives strong evidence that it was conceived entirely as a satire of brahminical claims regarding the divine nature of the caste system, showing that it is nothing but a human convention. They enjoyed it, and craving was born in them. They came to the city at morning and evening only to gather food and after finishing gathering food, they returned to their huts and meditations. Thus the Lord spoke, and Vasettha and Bharadvaja were derighted and rejoiced at his words.
In an expanded study , Sugunasiri points to two other Suttas Brahmajala and Patika in which the Buddha presents dimensions of the cosmic process. Both these things occur like this, mixed up in these four castes—the dark and the bright, that which is praised and that which is criticized by sensible people.
And as they did so, their bodies became coarser still, and the difference in their looks became even greater.