Cataphora and anaphora are the two main types of endophora–that is, reference to an item within the text itself. Anaphora cataphora, endophora. Cohesive ties – typology. Reading: Dušková, L. Studies in the English Language. Part 2. Praha: Karolinum, Chapter Anaphora and Cataphora. LG. Loreto Garrido. Updated 10 November Transcript. This is what Fabian said. That all men were created equally.
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||17 October 2015|
|PDF File Size:||11.56 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.44 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Anaphora Resolution and Text Retrieval. Broadly speaking, an anaphor is a word that refers back to a previous word.
Exophors cannot be anaphors as they do not substantially refer within the dialog or text, though there is a question of what portions of a conversation or document are accessed by a listener or reader with regard to whether all references to which a term points within that language stream are noticed i.
Deictic proforms are wnaphora exophors, e. Complement anaphora and dynamic binding. Strict within-sentence cataphora catpahora highly restricted in the sorts of structures it can appear within, generally restricted to a preceding subordinate clause. Uses authors parameter Pages using web citations with no URL.
Die Aufgabe ist einfach zu schwer. Finding the right gadget was a real hassle.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The second thing to notice is that the following two sentences have different coreference properties:.
Homophoric reference occurs when a generic phrase obtains a specific meaning through knowledge of its context. The term anaphor is used in a special way in the generative grammar tradition of Chomsky and his followers. Strict cross-sentence cataphora where the antecedent is an entire sentence is fairly common cross-linguistically:. So the first thing to notice here is that the pronoun comes first.
Examples [ edit ] Other examples of the same type of cataphora are: In this sentence, the pronoun he the cataphor appears earlier than the noun John the postcedent that it refers to. Notes pestilentialone liked this. Non-strict cataphora of this sort can occur in many contexts, for example:.
All Things Linguistic
A Resource Book for Students: He ‘s the biggest slob I know.
Retrieved from ” https: Similarly, in discussing ‘The Mayor’ of a citythe Mayor’s identity must be understood broadly through the context which the speech references as general ‘object’ of understanding; is a particular human person meant, a current or future or past office-holder, the office in a strict legal sense, or the office in a general sense which includes activities a mayor might conduct, might even be expected to conduct, while they may not be explicitly defined for this office.
The Case of The Others”. Routledge dictionary of language and linguistics. The use of the term anaphor in this narrow sense is anaphoar to generative grammar, and in particular, to the traditional binding theory.
I should have known it: Retrieved from ” https: The examples of cataphora described so far are strict cataphora, because the anaphor is an actual amaphora. This page was last edited on 3 Julyat In the following example a, the anaphoric pronoun they refers to the children who are eating the ice-cream. Although 1 and 2 can both anapphora said of a situation in which one person is studying hard to take the test for another person, only in 1 can both the studier and the person who should be taking the test can be one in the same.
John studied really hard for his test. A proform is a cataphor when it points to its right toward its postcedent. In this narrow sense, anaphora stands in contrast to cataphorawhich sees the act of referring forward in a dialog or text, or pointing to the right in languages that are written from left to right: